River Birch

Betula nigra

The River Birch is an iconic tree for its highly textured and colorful pealing bark. This versatile, highly heat-tolerant tree thrives with high water tables and problematic low wet soils yet can adapt to mild drought once established. If planted in a non-wet area, this tree will need to be watered regularly during the summer months for the first couple of years. As a landscape tree in non-wet areas it can be planted in almost anywhere in the U.S. with a high probability of success. This tree prefers full sun but can tolerate partial sun. The River Birch is possibly the most adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. This tree is one of the most resistant to bronze birch borer. This tree can vary in size, it can range from 40-70 feet tall by 40-50 feet wide at maturity. This tree is sold either in clump form (most often) or single stem form. Still on the fence about this tree? In 2002, one cultivar of the River Birch was name the Urban Tree of the Year by the Society of Municipal Arborists (ArborAdvisor microphone drop).

See our local partners listed below for purchasing and planting options. Any general questions about this tree? Contact us and send us a note.

About Tree Names

Hardiness Zones
Zones 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
Mature Height
More than 50'
Mature Width
More than 30'
Growth Rate
Light Needs
Full Sun
Fall Color
Flowering Season
No Flowers
No Fruit